Grafskaya quay (40 kb)
The Grafskaja Quay (a wharf or reinforced bank where ships are loaded and unloaded) is in the center of the city, on the southern part of the Sevastopol Bay. In June 1783, it was created from masonry stones under the license of D. Seniavin. In 1787 with the arrival Ekaterina II, the quay was equipped with modern amenities and was officially name Ekateriniskaia. Later the name was changed to Earling after the Earl M.I. Voinovich, a commander of a Sevastopol squadron who would dock his ship at the quay. Admiral M.P. Lazarev later wrote in St. Petersburg: " The Earl Voinovich never deserved that magnificent quay named after him; rather this name was given without real thought." In 1837, under the guidance of M.P. Lazarev D. Upton, a project for a new quay which was fully carried out with a wooden structure and a wide granite ladder. Two shifts ran per day to create the quay. The captain created a stone tower for sentries. Columns where erected with white marble engraved memorials. On November 22, 1853 Vice-Admiral Nakhimov with Russian seamen had the Ambassador Sinop victory. An inscription written on November 27, 1905 Lieutenant Schmidt left on the cruiser "Ochakov" to take command of a fleet of ships. The quay forms a beautiful greeting to the city and is a major architectural structure of the central part.